

Multiple loadings for categorical ind... 

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Jim Shaw posted on Wednesday, June 20, 2007  2:07 pm



I am attempting to fit the following hierarchical model: Y = X and X = Z where Y is an observed continuous variable; X is a continuous latent variable with ordinal indicators x1, x2, x3; and Z is a continuous latent variable with ordinal indicators z1, z2, z3. I want to derive an estimate of the indirect effect of z1 (z2, z3) on Y. By analogy, if X and Z were observed variables, then I would regress Y on X and X on Z and multiply the path coefficients to derive the indirect effects. Further, since z1 (z2, z3) are ordinal (categorical), I would like to estimate separate coefficients for each category save the base category. In other words, if z1 has 4 levels, then I would like to generate 3 separate coefficients for z1. I can output the indirect effect of Z on Y. However, treating z1 (z2, z3) as ordinal indicators yields a single coefficient for each. Would I be able to derive multiple coefficients for these indicators by treating them as nominal? I don't think Mplus allows nominal indicators to be used for continuous latent variables. 


You could turn the ordinal indicators into a set of dummy variables. 

Jim Shaw posted on Wednesday, June 20, 2007  7:12 pm



I tried to use dummy variables for z1 (z2, z3) as indicators for Z. For example, z11, z12, z13 for z1, which has 4 levels. However, this resulted in an error message that the covariance matrix was not positive definite, and no standard errors were produced. I then tried to fix the loadings of some of the dummy variables (e.g., z11, z21) at 1.0. This resulted in a lack of convergence. 


I would need to see what you are actually doing. Please send your input, data, output, and license number to support@statmodel.com. 

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