But I got the error message which says that "One or more variables have a variance of zero. Check your data and format statement.
Continuous Number of Variable Observations Variance
VIOLENTP 502 ********** TREATMEN 502 0.250 AGE 502 0.016 MALE 502 0.083 **WHITE 502 0.000 HISPANIC 502 0.016"
My question is how the variances are calculated and why they are different from variances that are calculated in SPSS according to which the variable "white" have a variance of .068. What should I do to fix this error? Thank you very much!
Variances in Mplus and SPSS will be different because of different samples. SPSS uses all observations that are not missing for each variable so that the sample size for means and variances will differ for different variables. Mplus uses the same sample size for each variable.
Xia Wang posted on Tuesday, March 31, 2009 - 7:27 pm
Thank you Linda for your response. But I have doubled checked this issue and made sure that both samples calculated in SPSS and MPLUS only include cases that have valid values on every variable. So the sample size is the same, but variance is still different. And what's your thoughts on the zero variance of the variable "white" when it's not? Do you see anything wrong with the code I had above? Thank you very much.
I am still new at this, so I apologize for my beginner level. I am doing a simple regression model in MPLUS with a weighted sample. I have one continuous dependent variable and 10 predictors/independent variables (N=930). When I run this model the output tells me that the model estimation terminated normally, but the residual variances for the dependent variable is not calculated. It only gives me ********. What could be the reason for this?
It sounds like your dependent variable has a very large variance. The asterisks mean that the number was too large to fit in the space allocated. You can rescale a variable by dividing it by a constant. See the DEFINE command. We recommend keeping variances between one and ten. If you can't figure this out, send your output and license number to firstname.lastname@example.org.
My question is another beginner's one and related to Xia Wang's earlier post.
I am running a small-sample (N=115) structural model with three exogenous (a s p), one mediating endogenous (e) and one "ultimate" endogenous variable which is a dummy (action).
Given the small sample size, I have formed composite scores of all three exogenous variables and the mediator. Running this as a path model works very well. However, I'd like to account for measurement error if possible.
If I have understood correctly, one can introduce measurement error by setting the factor loading (construct to single-item indicator) equal to the square root of the alpha and the corresponding error term to (1-alpha) times the observed variance.
Yes, slide 44 shows exactly what I am trying to do, with the difference that I am fixing the factor loading at the square root of the alpha instead of 1.
The problem is that this model does not converge - even if I fix the factor loading at 1 and even if I use standardised variable scores.
I am wondering whether
- the problem is in the syntax, or - whether the small sample size (115) and the dummy endogenous variable might be the root of the problem?
I would appreciate your advice as this is quite an important model (part of an article revision).
May I also add that I really enjoy using Mplus as it is not only flexible enough to accommodate pretty much any research setting I may encounter in business studies, but it is also easy to learn and very user friendly.