Dan Costa posted on Sunday, June 02, 2013 - 3:56 pm
I'm attempting to conduct multigroup CFA using Yoon and Millsap's (2007) baseline model with the factor variance of one group fixed to 1 and all loadings fixed to equality, then using modification indices to systematically free non-invariant parameters. I feel like I'm missing something obvious, but I'm not sure which are the appropriate modification indices to examine.
For example, one MI is for PF ON Q2, where Q2 is a manifest indicator of the latent PF. But there is also a Q2 ON Q2 and a Q2 with PF. Any advice on which MIs are the appropriate ones for this purpose would be appreciated.
You should focus on the "y ON f" MIs, where y is a factor indicator and f is the factor.
Note also that in Mplus version 7.1, you can automatically specify the metric model by saying:
in the Analysis command.
Note also that you really want to strive for Scalar invariance, also holding the measurement intercepts equal. In that regard, you may want to take a look at our website showing the new version 7.1 analyses at
I meant to say that you should focus on the "f BY y" statements.
Dan Costa posted on Thursday, June 06, 2013 - 12:28 am
Thank you Bengt. I have in fact assessed scalar invariance (using 6.1) and have encountered an unexpected result. I compared a model with all means fixed to 0 to the default with means fixed to 0 in one group only. The model fit for the less constrained model is actually worse than that for the constrained model, according to all of the fit indices (and significantly so using DIFFTEST).
Is there a ready explanation for this type of result? (I have run several multi-group CFAs on other pairs of groups from the same data set and there is only instance of the less constrained model having worse fit).