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Hi Bengt/Linda, I was wondering if you had any special recomendations regarding the fastest computer to use for Mplus4? I am going to write a grant for an expensive system soon; if money was no option, is there anything special out there for timeintensive processes (e.g., Bootstrapping the LRT for class enumeration, numerical integration with complex models with random slopes, etc.)? Should a dualprocessor computer be purchased in case Mplus gets compiled to take advantage of multithreading, etc? Sorry for the somewhat offtopic post, but bootstrapping the LRT is taking a lot of time with complex models. Thanks! mike 


If you plan on keeping the computer for a long time, I would get a dual process computer with the fastest processor and a lot of RAM. Have you downloaded Version 4.1. There have been speed improvements related to TECH14 and new options to use with TECH14. Following are recommendations for using TECH14 which can be found in the users' guide on the website. 1. Run without TECH14 using the STARTS option of the ANALYSIS command to find a stable solution if the default starts are not sufficient. 2. Run with TECH14 using the OPTSEED option of the ANALYSIS command to specify the seed of the stable solution from Step 1. 3. Run with LRTSTARTS = 0 0 40 10; to check if the results are sensitive to the number of random starts for the k class model. 


I have a question about step 2. You say to run Tech14 using the OPTSEED option "...to specify the seed of the stable solution from step 1." Which is the seed from the stable solution? Is it the seed associated with the best 2log likelihood? or is it somewhere else? 


It is the seed associated with the best loglikelihood from Step 1. This loglikelihood should be replicated in Step 1 for a stable solution to be obtained. This is described more fully in the most recent user's guide which is on the website. See TECH14. 


I checked the manual but it wasn't clear to me. I think I got it right. I got a new warning that says to increase the number of bootstrap LRT random starts. I don't understand from the manual how to do that. Is it in the command lrtstarts=0 0 40 10. Tha I make the change? 


Yes. It is particularly important to increase the last 2 numbers which are for the kclass model. This is described in the new Version 4.1 User's Guide on the website. 


Thanks 


Hi Bengt and Linda, I appologize for bothering you all so much with the material regarding tech 14, but I had a hard time finding the info. I reread the paper describing the monte carlo analyses to test the efficacy of the BLRT. I also read through the manual again and now feel more comfortable. Thank you very much for your patience. I am doing my best to learn this method well so that I may do better analyses. DR 


You may also find the new section in the Version 4 Mplus User's Guide on Multiple Solutions For Mixture Models useful. This is in Chapter 13. 


I am currently "testing" the new TECH14 option in Mplus (I am doing classical LCA). I followed your 3step recommendations in the user's guide and found that Mplus crashed very often when I increased the number of starts (using the "lrtstarts = 0 0 40 10" option). That is, Mplus performed a number of bootstrap draws (sometimes up to 400) without obvious problems and then suddenly stopped without providing any error message in the output. The same also happened sometimes in step 2 (when using the optseed option without additional lrtstarts), but somewhat less frequently. Is this a known problem? What can one do about it? (With a small number of bootstrap draws, say 50100, the problem occured less frequently, but I feel somewhat uncomfortable relying on less than about 500 draws...) 


There are currently no known problems with TECH14. Please send input and data to support@statmodel.com so we can look into this problem. Thanks. 

Scott Grey posted on Wednesday, November 01, 2006  10:28 am



I'm trying to use TECH14 with TYPE IS MIXTURE COMPLEX but I get an error message indicating that "TECH 14 IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR THIS MODEL." This is not noted in the 4.1 user's guide, is it correct? Thanks, Scott 


It is not disallowed as far as I know. If you send the input, data, output, and your license number to support@statmodel.com, I will take a look at it and see why it is disallowed. 


Good afternoon  I am running a GMM with tech14 (using the optseed command and LRTSTARTS = 2 1 50 15). the model estimation terminates normally, but i get these warnings for tech14: WARNING: THE BEST LOGLIKELIHOOD VALUE WAS NOT REPLICATED IN 12 OUT OF 12 BOOTSTRAP DRAWS. THE PVALUE MAY NOT BE TRUSTWORTHY DUE TO LOCAL MAXIMA. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF RANDOM STARTS USING THE LRTSTARTS OPTION. WARNING: 2 OUT OF 12 BOOTSTRAP DRAWS DID NOT CONVERGE. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF RANDOM STARTS USING THE LRTSTARTS OPTION. What should i do? Thanks so much, aprile 


Was the loglikelihood replicated in the analysis for the OPTSEED you are using? If not, I would get a seed for which the loglikelihood is replicated. If it was, you can try increasing the last two numbers of the LRTSTARTS option. 


Hi, I am running a very preliminary LCA (6 categorical indicators) and no covariates yet. I am using Type=mixture missing; and I am using the weight = option, but not type=complex. When I include the weight I am getting the message that says "Tech 14 is not available for this model." I do not get the error if I take out the weight. Does MPlus not produce tech 14 when the data is weighted? 


TECH14 is not available with sampling weights. 


Hi  I have been running GMM models using TECH14 and the optseed command, and I have been getting warnings regarding replication of my loglikelihood value and convergence of my bootstrap draws. the logliklihood value was replicated for my optseed value. i have been increasing the last 2 LRTSTARTS values, but i continue to get these warnings. how high i should increase the last 2 LRTSTARTS values (i've gone as high as 2 1 100 50, which is taking forever!)? thanks so much! aprile 


Please send your input, data, output, and license number to support@statmodel.com. 

Kurt Beron posted on Thursday, July 12, 2007  2:24 pm



Hi, I am running a censored mixture model with integration and, when I ask for tech14, I see a quick view of iterations and then no output appears. The only difference in runs is adding tech14. Page 519 of manual suggests this should work. Below is a code snippet. Is this a known issue? Thanks. variable: CLASSES = c (3); Censored = x3x7 (b); analysis: type= mixture missing; algorithm=integration; optseed = 887676; lrtstarts = 0 0 40 10; model: %OVERALL% tsocint tsocslp tsocslp2 x3@0 x4@1 x5@2 x6@3 x7@4; output: tech14; 


Please send your input, data, output, and license number to support@statmodel.com. 

Stata posted on Saturday, March 17, 2012  11:25 pm



Linda, I am running categorical latent class analysis with missing data and have increased LRTSTARTS values; however, the output kept showing the following warning: ANALYSIS: TYPE = Mixture; estimator = MLR; LRTSTARTS = 2 1 300 20; LRTBOOTSTRAP = 100; WARNING: THE BEST LOGLIKELIHOOD VALUE WAS NOT REPLICATED IN 76 OUT OF 100 BOOTSTRAP DRAWS. THE PVALUE MAY NOT BE TRUSTWORTHY DUE TO LOCAL MAXIMA. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF RANDOM STARTS USING THE LRTSTARTS OPTION. Any suggestions/comments are highly appreciated. Thank you. 


I would run the k and k1 analyses without TECH11 or TECH14 increasing the random starts using the STARTS option until the best loglikelihood is replicated at least five times. I would use the number of starts needed to achieve this in the LRTSTARTS option. 

Deryl Hatch posted on Thursday, July 19, 2012  2:59 pm



Hello, I am likewise receiving warnings that best loglikelihood value was not replicated in many of the bootstrap draws, even though I get a duplicated best loglikelihood value (in fact, more than 30 duplicated best loglikelihoods). To improve the bootstrap draws, do I still increase the STARTS option? Or do I increase the LRTSTARTS option? Or do I increase the LRTBOOTSTRAP option? For example, in my calculation of 4 class, 5 factor model, I get 30+ repeated best loglikelihoods, but in TECH14, I get warning: WARNING: THE BEST LOGLIKELIHOOD VALUE WAS NOT REPLICATED IN 11 OUT OF 15 BOOTSTRAP DRAWS. THE PVALUE MAY NOT BE TRUSTWORTHY DUE TO LOCAL MAXIMA. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF RANDOM STARTS USING THE LRTSTARTS OPTION. WARNING: 10 OUT OF 15 BOOTSTRAP DRAWS DID NOT CONVERGE. THE PVALUE MAY NOT BE TRUSTWORTHY. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF RANDOM STARTS USING THE LRTSTARTS OPTION. Type = mixture ; Starts = 500 50; LRTSTARTS ; ! (Using the default 0 0 20 5) ! (I've not yet used the LRTBOOTSTRAP option) 


You might find the following web note on our web site useful: Asparouhov, T. and Muthén, B. (2012). Using Mplus TECH11 and TECH14 to test the number of latent classes. Mplus Web Notes: No. 14. May 22, 2012. 


Hi Drs. Muthen, Could you please suggest some computer specs for a new computer for the office that would be running MPlus? I understand that models can be run with 8 processors but am not sure what else would be optimal. Any suggestions would be appreciated. Thanks, Michelle 


We don't make specific recommendations partly because things change quickly, but we did discuss hardware that we happen to use in the early part of our training in Utrecht last year: http://mplus.fss.uu.nl/files/2012/09/V7Part1.pdf 


That's perfect! Thanks Michelle 

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