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 Student 09 posted on Wednesday, June 24, 2009 - 1:38 pm

my question of understanding refers to ypsilon in formula (1) in the Muthén (1994) SMR article, p. 379.

Here, ypsilon is labelled as a measurement intercept vector.

So, would it be correct that

a) ypsilon is the vector of the randomly varying intercepts of variables measured at the within-level

b) these intercepts represent the (estimated) group means of the variables measured at the within-level

c) but don't represent grand means?

Many thanks
 Bengt O. Muthen posted on Wednesday, June 24, 2009 - 2:56 pm
The intercepts (actually "nu's") are randomly varying across the cluster units, that is, on the Between level. Their means are presented on the Between level; these are the grand means. So, for a given item

nu_j = nu + epsilon_j

where nu_j is the intercept conditional on being in cluster j and nu is the overall (grand) mean.
 Student 09 posted on Wednesday, June 24, 2009 - 3:16 pm
thanks a lot!
 Student 09 posted on Friday, June 26, 2009 - 5:56 am

shouldn't the mplus approach to twolevel modelling also allow to model formative (as opposed to reflective) measurement models within- and between groups ?

If so, could you please suggest any references in this regard ?
 Linda K. Muthen posted on Friday, June 26, 2009 - 4:14 pm
Yes, formative measurement models can be specified in a multilevel model. See the Topic 1 handout for how to specify a formative model in Mplus.
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